How to Install Windows 95 on VMware Fusion in macOS/Mac

In this article, we will examine how to run Windows 95 on a new virtual machine using VMware Fusion 12 Pro in macOS operating system on an Apple Mac computer.

How to Install Windows 95 on VMware Fusion in macOS/Mac

How to Set Up Windows 95 on macOS using VMware Fusion 12 Pro

Microsoft ended the main support of the Windows 95 operating system, which is released to its users on August 24, 1995, on December 31, 2000, and ended its extended support on December 31, 2001.

The Windows 95 operating system was Microsoft’s most successful attempt. Improved over its predecessor Windows 3.1 system, its biggest features were a better user interface and support for more simplified plug-and-play devices.

Other features include 32 Bit architecture and support for long filenames. The start menu and taskbar were developed for the first time with this operating system.

You need a maximum RAM size of 480 MB for Windows 95 to run properly on a physical computer.

If you have a Mac computer, you may not be able to run Windows 95 on next-generation hardware. However, you can run this old system on a virtual machine by using the VMware Fusion virtualization software developed by VMware for macOS systems.

How to Create a New Virtual Machine for Windows 95

After installing the Fusion software on your Mac, you can create a new virtual computer and install either old or new Windows operating systems.

   Step 1

Select Create a custom virtual machine from the virtual machine installation methods and click the Continue button.

Choosing the Installation Method

   Step 2

Select Microsoft Windows / Windows 95 system in the Guest operating system selection window and click Continue again.

Choosing the Guest OS

   Step 3

Since you will be installing Windows 95 from scratch, you need to create a new virtual disk. Therefore, continue with the Create a new virtual disk option selected by default.

If you have a virtual disk file of a system you have previously installed, you need to add the virtual disk file after selecting the Use an existing virtual disk option.

Creating a New Virtual Disk

   Step 4

After clicking Customize Settings in the window showing the summary information of the Windows 95 virtual machine, click the Save button to confirm the default installation location.

Configuring the Installation Location

   Step 5

When the settings of the Windows 95 guest machine are opened, click Processors & Memory and configure the memory size as 64 MB.

Configuring the Virtual Memory Value

   Step 6

Select Ethernet if you want to assign an IP address to the guest machine from the DHCP server in your local network.

Selecting the Network Adapter

   Step 7

Set the virtual disk size of the Windows 95 guest machine to 3 GB and click the Apply button.

Changing Virtual Disk Size

   Step 8

To add a Windows 95 ISO file to the guest machine, open the CD/DVD device settings and click Choose a disc or disc image from the drop-down list.

Adding a Windows 95 ISO File to the Virtual Machine

   Step 9

In the window that opens, select the Windows 95 ISO file you downloaded to your computer from the table below the article and click Open.

Choosing the Windows 95 ISO File

   Step 10

If you want to use your USB flash memory or storage device on the guest machine, click Add USB Controller in USB & Bluetooth settings.

Adding a USB Controller

   Step 11

After adding the USB Controller, change the compatibility setting to USB 1.1.

Selecting USB Compatibility

   Step 12

In order to increase the performance of the virtual computer, change the Troubleshooting setting to None in the advanced settings and disable the Side Channel Mitigations feature.

Disable Side Channel Mitigations

   Step 13

After making the settings of the Windows 95 virtual computer, run it for installation.

Running the Virtual Machine

How to Install Windows 95

After configuring the settings of the Guest operating system correctly, you can continue as if you were installing on a physical computer after running the system.

   Step 1

After running your Windows 95 virtual system, type the FDISK command on the boot screen and press Enter.

Running FDISK

   Step 2

Since you have set the size of the virtual disk to 3 GB, answer the relevant question with Y to enable large disk usage and press Enter.

Enabling Large Disk Space Usage

   Step 3

Press Enter on the first option, Create DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive, on the FDISK Options screen.

Create DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive

   Step 4

After creating a new partition on the virtual disk, press Enter again in the first option, Create Primary DOS Partition, to set it as the primary volume.

Create Primary DOS Partition

   Step 5

Wait while the integrity of the virtual disk is verified.

Verifying Driver Integrity

   Step 6

Press Y to use the available disk space for the primary partition and activate the volume, then press Enter.

Partition Activation

   Step 7

After creating and configuring a new partition on the virtual disk, close the Fdisk tool and restart your virtual computer.

Restarting the Virtual Computer

   Step 8

In VMware Fusion software, you need to open the Boot Menu to boot your guest machine from the ISO file again. Therefore, press ESC while your virtual system is booting to open the Boot Menu.

ESC for Boot Menu

   Step 9

On the Boot Menu screen, select CD-ROM Drive using the arrow keys of your keyboard and press Enter.

Booting the Virtual Machine from CD-ROM

   Step 10

After booting your virtual PC with the ISO file again, execute the format C: command on the A:\ volume and format the C drive.

format C:

Formatting C Drive

   Step 11

If you want to specify a new volume label for the C drive, you can specify it in the Volume Label section. You can press Enter to confirm the C drive without the volume label.

Configuring the Volume Label

   Step 12

To copy the Windows 95 installation files, you need to switch to the C drive and create a new folder. After switching to the C drive as in the image below, create a new folder named WIN95 with the mkdir command.

Then switch to the drive where the ISO file is mounted and execute the “copy R:\WIN95\*.* C:\WIN95” command to copy the installation files to the WIN95 folder you created.

C:
mkdir WIN95
R:
copy R:\WIN95\*.* C:\WIN95

Copying Windows 95 Setup Files

   Step 13

After copying the system files, go to the WIN95 folder on the C drive and execute the setup command in the WIN95 directory to start the Windows installation.

C:
cd WIN95
setup

Starting Windows 95 Setup

   Step 14

Before the Windows installation, the Microsoft ScanDisk tool will open and check the file structure on the C drive.

Microsoft ScanDisk

   Step 15

After the file system is checked, click Continue on the Windows 95 Setup screen.

Starting System Setup

   Step 16

Wait while Setup prepares the setup wizard for Windows.

Preparing Installation

   Step 17

After reading the Microsoft Windows 95 license agreement, click Yes to accept and continue.

Accepting the License Agreement

   Step 18

In the first stage of the setup wizard, information about your virtual computer will be collected.

Starting the Setup Wizard

   Step 19

If you want to install Windows 95 in a location other than the C directory, you can change the location from the Other Directory. Since it is recommended to install Windows operating systems in the default C:\WINDOWS directory, click Next directly in this window.

Choosing the C:\WINDOWS Directory

   Step 20

Wait while checking for sufficient disk space to install Windows 95.

Preparing Windows Directory

   Step 21

Proceed with Typical, which is selected by default in the installation options.

Selecting the Typical Installation Type

   Step 22

Type the product key of your Microsoft Windows 95 operating system and click Next.

Typing the Windows 95 Product Key

   Step 23

Type a username for your Windows 95 virtual operating system.

Typing a Username

   Step 24

If you want the setup wizard to scan for hardware on your virtual computer, select the devices in the list and click Next.

Analyzing Virtual PC

   Step 25

Wait while the setup wizard analyzes the hardware on your guest machine.

Analyzing Virtual PC

   Step 26

Choose to install the most common components for your virtual system and continue.

Installing the Most Common Components

   Step 27

You can create a Startup Disk that will make it easier for you to repair potential system errors you encounter while using Windows. However, there is no need to create a Startup Disk on the virtual computer. So select “No, I do not want a startup disk” and click Next.

Startup Disk

   Step 28

In the second step of the setup wizard, the system files will be copied to the local virtual disk.

Starting Copying Files

   Step 29

Wait while Windows 95 is being installed on your virtual computer.

Copying System Files

   Step 30

Click OK to confirm removing the floppy device from the guest machine after system setup.

Uninstalling Floppy Disk Drive

   Step 31

Wait while your Windows 95 virtual computer is getting ready to run for the first time.

Getting ready to run Windows 95 for the first time

   Step 32

Type the computer name and workgroup name so that you can use your guest machine in the local network.

Typing a Computer Name

   Step 33

While configuring the control panel settings and the programs in the start menu in the setup wizard, configure your date and time settings according to the region you live in.

Configuring Date and Time Preferences

   Step 34

Close the add printer wizard and continue.

Canceling Add Printer

   Step 35

After the setup wizard completes configuring your virtual system, click OK and restart your system.

Restarting the VM

   Step 36

When your virtual system restarts, type your created username and click OK. Then click OK in the Windows Password window without typing any password.

Entering Network Password and Login

   Step 37

When your virtual computer is turned on, the desktop view of your Windows 95 operating system will be as follows.

Windows 95 Desktop Display

How to Install VMware Tools

After installing Windows 95 with VMware Fusion on macOS, you need to install VMware Tools in order to increase the performance of your guest system, fix the screen resolution, or transfer files between your host and your VM by drag-and-drop.

   Step 1

While your virtual machine is running, click Virtual Machine / Install VMware Tools in the tool menu of the Fusion software.

Installing VMware Tools

   Step 2

When the VMware Tools installation wizard opens, click Next to continue.

VMware Tools Installation Wizard

   Step 3

When you select Complete in the installation options, you can use the virtual PC you created with other products of VMware.

Choosing the Installation Type

   Step 4

Click Install to start installing the virtual machine drivers.

Starting VMware Tools Installation

   Step 5

Click Yes when you encounter the Warning 25010 error during installation, and then confirm installing the HTML Help update.

Installing HTML Help 1.3

   Step 6

Click OK in the warning window prompting you to manually install the SVGA driver at the final stage of VMware Tools installation.

SVGA Driver Error

   Step 7

After installing VMware Tools, restart your guest virtual system.

Rebooting the Guest Machine

   Step 8

When your guest system opens, right-click on My Computer and then click System Properties. Click Device Manager and expand the Display Adapters list to display the drivers for the virtual machine in the System Properties window.

To install the display driver of the virtual machine, select the Standard PCI Graphics Adapter (VGA) driver and then click Properties.

Updating Display Adapter Driver

   Step 9

When the properties of the display adapter are opened, click the Update Driver button.

Update Driver

   Step 10

With the recommended installation method selected in the driver update wizard, click Next and then click Other Locations.

Driver Update Wizard

   Step 11

Click Browse to specify the location of the display adapter driver, then select C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Tools\Drivers\video and continue.

Choosing the Location of the Video Driver

   Step 12

After Windows finds the display driver, click Finish to complete the installation.

VMware SVGA II

   Step 13

Specify the location of the vmx_svga.drv file while copying the driver files and continue.

VMX_SVGA.DRV

   Step 14

After installing the display adapter driver of your Windows 95 guest system, restart your virtual system.

Restarting the Virtual PC

   Step 15

You may receive a Windows Protection Error while your virtual system is restarting. To resolve this error, download the FIX95CPU.ISO file from the table at the bottom of the article to your computer.

Windows Protection Error

   Step 16

Add the FIX95CPU.ISO file to your virtual computer.

Adding the FIX95CPU.ISO File to the Virtual Machine

   Step 17

To boot your guest machine from the CD/DVD device, click Startup Disk in the settings, then select the device and click the Restart button.

Boot VM from CD/DVD

   Step 18

After booting your virtual system with High-Speed Processor Support Setup Version 3.0 by LoneCrusader software, press any key on your keyboard.

Press Any Key to Continue

   Step 19

Press N to skip reading the readme file, and then press any key to install CPU support.

Skip Reading the README File

   Step 20

After the FIX95CPU is successfully installed, boot your virtual system from your disk this time.

FIX95CPU HAS BEEN INSTALLED SUCCESSFULLY

   Step 21

When your Windows 95 PC boots up, you can change your system’s screen resolution and the color bit in the display properties.

Changing the Screen Resolution

   Step 22

After installing VMware Tools and manually installing the display adapter, you can drag and drop files between your Mac and guest machine.

Drag and Drop File Transfer Between Mac and VM

   Step 23

You can also fit your virtual computer to full-screen resolution.

Checking the Screen Resolution

How to Configure and Test Internet Connection

You may need an Internet connection in guest operating systems that you have installed on your Mac computer. Therefore, you may need to configure your local network settings according to the version of the operating system you are running.

   Step 1

In Windows 95, open MS-DOS Prompt from the Start menu and try to ping Google servers by executing the ping 8.8.8.8 command. If you get a ping error as in the image below, you need to install the TCP/IP protocol on your system.

Pinging Google Servers

   Step 2

To install the TCP/IP protocol, right-click on Network Neighbors and click Properties.

Opening Network Preferences

   Step 3

After clicking Add in the Network window containing the network adapters, the network component selection window will open. Select Protocol in the list of network components and after clicking Add again, select Microsoft / TCP/IP in the network protocol selection window and click OK.

Adding TCP/IP Protocol

   Step 4

After adding TCP/IP, restart your virtual system and try to ping Google servers again, this time you will be able to see that your network connection is OK.

Testing Internet Connection with Ping

   Step 5

After testing your network connection, you can open The Internet and check your connection by visiting the Google homepage.

Visiting the Google Homepage with The Internet

How to Install Audio Driver

Of course, you will not be able to hear system sounds if you do not install the driver for the audio device on your virtual computer. Therefore, you must install the driver for the audio device of your Windows 95 system.

   Step 1

When you open System Properties, you can see the drivers that are not installed on your system in the Device Manager tab. Here you will be able to hear the system sounds when you install the driver for the PCI Multimedia Audio Device.

PCI Multimedia Audio Device

   Step 2

After copying the Audio driver you downloaded to your computer from the table at the bottom of the article to your virtual machine, run the epw9xup setup file.

Installing the Audio Device Driver

   Step 3

If you get msjstick.drv and vjoyd.vxd errors during Audio Driver installation, specify the location of the driver folder, and complete the installation.

Installing the Joystick Driver

   Step 4

After installing Creative Ensoniq AudioPCI, you will see a yellow exclamation point in the device manager that both devices are not fully installed. To fix these problems you need to edit the vmx file of the guest machine. So shut down your virtual system.

  • Creative Ensoniq AudioPCI Legacy Device
  • Creative Gameport Joystick

Resolving Driver Error

   Step 5

Open the Windows 95.vmx file with the text editor and select the values below.

  • pciBridge0.present = “TRUE”
  • pciBridge4.present = “TRUE”
  • pciBridge0.virtualDev = “pciRootPort”
  • pciBridge4.functions = “8”
  • pciBridge5.present = “TRUE”
  • pciBridge5.virtualDev = “pciRootPort”
  • pciBridge5.functions = “8”
  • pciBridge6.present = “TRUE”
  • pciBridge6.virtualDev = “pciRootPort”
  • pciBridge6.functions = “8”
  • pciBridge7.present = “TRUE”
  • pciBridge7.virtualDev = “pciRootPort”
  • pciBridge7.functions = “8”

Editing the Windows 95.vmx File

   Step 6

Replace the selected values with the values below and then save the vmx file.

  • pciBridge0.present = “false”
  • pciBridge1.present = “false”
  • pciBridge2.present = “false”
  • pciBridge3.present = “false”
  • pciBridge4.present = “false”
  • pciBridge5.present = “false”
  • pciBridge6.present = “false”
  • pciBridge7.present = “false”

Editing the Windows 95.vmx File

   Step 7

After running your Windows 95 virtual system again, you can see that the devices under Sound, video and game controllers are working fine.

Sound, Video and Game Controllers

How to Install Chipset Driver

In order to activate the PCI Bridge device you see in device management on your guest machine, you need to install the Chipset driver.

   Step 1

Copy the Chipset (infinst_280_win32) folder that you downloaded to your computer from the table at the bottom of the article to your virtual PC, and then run the Setup file in the folder.

Chipset Driver Installation

   Step 2

Click Next in the Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility V2.80.008 installation wizard.

Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility

   Step 3

Click Yes to read and accept the license terms of the chipset software.

Accepting the License Agreement

   Step 4

After reading the Readme file, click Next and continue.

Reading the Readme File and Starting the Installation

   Step 5

After installing the chipset driver, restart your virtual system for the changes to take effect.

Restarting the Virtual Computer

How to Install System Drivers

To install the driver for the PCI System Peripheral device on your Windows 95 guest operating system, you need to change the hardware compatibility of your VM.

   Step 1

When you check the device manager on your guest system, you can see that the PCI System Peripheral device is not installed.

Installing System Drivers

   Step 2

After shutting down your virtual computer, open the Compatibility settings in your VM’s settings and change the value of 18 in Hardware Version to 6, and save the setting.

Changing Virtual Machine Compatibility

   Step 3

When you run your virtual computer again, you can see that the system drivers are installed without any problems.

Checking All Drivers Are Installed

How to Install USB Driver

Another way to transfer files between your Mac and guest machine is to use a USB flash drive or external HDD or SSD storage device. However, before you can use USB devices in Windows 95, you must enable the device and install the storage drivers.

   Step 1

Copy the USB Driver folder you downloaded to your Mac from the table at the bottom of the article to your virtual system. Double-click the Xusbsupp setup file in the USB Driver/Xusbsupp folder and start the installation.

In the question window Do you want to install the eXtended USB Supplement on your system, click the Yes button.

Installing the USB Driver

   Step 2

You can click the Page Down button to see the full eXtended USB Supplement license agreement or you can click the Yes button again to accept all the license terms.

Accepting the License Terms of the USB Software

   Step 3

After installing the eXtended USB Supplement, click OK and restart your system.

eXtended USB Supplement

   Step 4

Insert a flash drive into the USB 2.0 port of your Mac computer and click “Connect to Mac” in the pop-up window.

Connecting USB Flash Drive to Mac

   Step 5

Open Disk Utility and change the file format of your flash disk to MS-DOS (FAT) and format it.

Changing the File Format of a USB Disk to MS-DOS (FAT)

   Step 6

Create a new folder called Backup on your flash drive.

Creating a New Folder on Flash Disk

   Step 7

Click Virtual Machine / USB & Bluetooth / Connect (Name of Your USB) in the Fusion tool menu to connect your flash drive to the VM.

Connecting Flash Disk to Virtual Machine

   Step 8

When the driver update wizard automatically opens, click Next to install the Generic USB Hub driver.

Generic USB Hub

   Step 9

After the driver for the Generic USB Hub device is found, click Finish.

Generic USB Hub Setup

   Step 10

In the same way, install the driver for the Generic USB Mass Storage Class Device.

Generic USB Mass Storage Class Device

   Step 11

After installing the USB driver on your Windows 95 system, restart your system.

Universal Serial Bus Controllers

   Step 12

When your system boots up, open My Computer and click Removable Disk and view the contents of your USB disk.

Checking Contents of USB Disk in VM

   Video

Download Windows 95 and Driver

Windows 95 ISO
Windows 95 Audio Driver
Windows 95 Chipset Driver
Windows 95 USB Driver
FIX95CPU

 

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