How to Install Linux Mint 21 on VMware Workstation 17

In this article, we will examine how to set up and configure Linux Mint 21 on a new virtual machine using the VMware Workstation 17 Pro virtualization program on Windows 10 64 Bit operating system.

How to Install Linux Mint 21 on VMware Workstation 17

How to Install Linux Mint on a Virtual Machine in Windows 10 using VMware

Faster and more stable than other Linux distributions, Linux Mint is an operating system that appeals to both home users and professionals. This system, which is basically derived from the Ubuntu package structure, aims to provide users with a more secure and stable distribution.

Linux Mint uses Cinnamon for its desktop environment by default but also has lighter and performance-oriented Mate and Xfce environments. Users can set up their system using one of these three desktop types.

You can run the Linux Mint system virtually without dual boot configuration on Windows 10 or other Microsoft systems by using the VMware Workstation virtualization software.

Workstation software, a paid program of VMware, allows users to configure more advanced settings on guest machines. However, users can also choose to use the free and non-commercial versions of the Player.

How to Create a New Virtual Machine for Linux Mint

After installing VMware Pro on your computer, you can create new virtual machines and install a Linux and Windows-based operating system.

   Step 1

After running the Workstation 17 software, click on the Create a New Virtual Machine option from the options on the homepage, and select the Custom (Advanced) option to configure more advanced settings for the Linux system in the virtual machine wizard that opens and click Next.

Advanced Virtual Machine Creation

   Step 2

For Linux virtual machine compatibility, select the latest version of the Workstation software from the Hardware Compatibility section.

Setting Virtual Machine Compatibility

   Step 3

You can install the guest operating system using one of three methods. If you add the Linux Mint ISO file in this window, some settings of the virtual computer will be configured automatically.

Therefore, so that you can configure more advanced settings, check I will install the operating system later and continue.

Choosing the I'll Install the Operating System Later Option

   Step 4

Select the Linux platform as the guest operating system and Ubuntu 64-bit from the version section.

Choosing Ubuntu 64-bit Guest System

   Step 5

After typing a name for your Linux Mint guest machine, specify the location where you will install it and continue.

Configuring the Virtual Machine Name and Location

   Step 6

Configure the number of virtual processors and number of virtual cores for your virtual machine according to the processor characteristics of your host PC.

Configuring the Virtual Processor Core

   Step 7

Select the maximum recommended memory size for the RAM size of the virtual machine. If you have a higher amount of memory in your computer, a larger size configuration will be beneficial for performance.

Selecting the Maximum Memory Value

   Step 8

Select the NAT network adapter for your Linux Mint virtual machine.

Choosing the NAT Adapter

   Step 9

Select the default LSI Logic as the I/O controller type and continue.

Selecting LSI Logic Controller Type

   Step 10

By configuring the type of virtual disk as NVMe, you will significantly increase the performance of your virtual computer. Therefore, select NVMe from the disk types and click Next.

Selecting the NVMe Disk Type

   Step 11

Since you will install Linux Mint from scratch, select Create a new virtual disk and click Next. If you have previously installed this Linux distribution and backed up its virtual disk, you can add it using the Use an existing virtual disk option.

Creating a New Virtual Disk

   Step 12

You can adjust the size of the virtual disk according to the recommended size, but you can specify a higher disk size according to the work you will do on your system. Also, if you choose to backup the virtual disk file as a single file, you can import your virtual machine more easily in the future.

Backing Up a Virtual Disk as a Single File

   Step 13

Continue without changing the name and location of the Linux virtual disk file.

Configuring the Name and Location of the Virtual Disk File

   Step 14

Click Customize Hardware to configure the advanced settings of the Linux Mint guest machine.

Customize Hardware

   Step 15

After clicking on the Processor virtual hardware, enable all the features in the Virtualization Engine section.

  • Virtualize Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI
  • Virtualize CPU Performance Counters
  • Virtualize IOMMU (IO Memory Management Unit)

Enabling Virtualization Features

   Step 16

To download the Linux Mint ISO file, visit the official website and then click CD/DVD (SATA) / Use ISO Image File / Browse to add the ISO file to the virtual machine and select the downloaded image file.

Adding the Linux Mint ISO File to the Virtual Machine

   Step 17

Change the Compatibility setting to 3.1 in the USB Controller settings.

Setting USB Compatibility to 3.1

   Step 18

View the display hardware settings and enable Accelerate 3D Graphics and adjust the graphics memory size according to the capacity of your host GPU.

Increasing Graphics Memory

   Step 19

After configuring the hardware settings of your Linux Mint virtual computer, check the changes you have made in the summary window and close the wizard.

Reviewing the Settings of the Guest Machine

   Step 20

Click Power on this virtual machine to start installing the Linux system on the virtual machine you have prepared.

Running the Guest OS

How to Install Linux Mint

After running the virtual computer, when it boots with the ISO file, you can set up your system as if you were installing it on a physical PC.

   Step 1

You can check system integrity, perform hardware tests, or do memory checks from Linux Mint 21 Cinnamon 64-bit options. Press Enter in the Start Linux Mint option to start installing the system.

Welcome to the Linux Setup Wizard

   Step 2

When the system boots up, double-click Install Linux Mint on the desktop to start the installation wizard.

Install Linux Mint

   Step 3

After opening the setup wizard, select the language you want to use your Linux system in and click Continue.

Selecting the System Language

   Step 4

Select the keyboard layout of your virtual PC according to the hardware of your physical computer and click Continue.

Choosing the Keyboard Layout

   Step 5

Tick to install multimedia codecs so that you can play videos on your Linux Mint guest machine and click Continue.

Install Multimedia Codecs

   Step 6

Since you will be installing a system from scratch, select the Erase Disk and Install Linux Mint option, click Install Now, and then click Continue to confirm the changes on the virtual disk.

Erase Disk and Install Linux

   Step 7

After choosing the location where you live, click Continue.

Choosing Your Living Location

   Step 8

Configure the user account settings for your Linux system according to your personal information and create a characteristic password.

Creating Username and Password

   Step 9

Wait while the files of the Linux Mint system are copied and the necessary applications are installed.

Copying System Files

   Step 10

After installing Linux Mint, restart your virtual system.

System Reboot

   Step 11

Press Enter to remove the ISO installation media from the virtual machine.

Removing the Installation Media

   Step 12

Execute “lsb_release -a” command in terminal to check Linux system version.

lsb_release -a

Checking the System Version

How to Install VMware Tools

When installing Linux Mint on VMware Workstation, VMware Tools is automatically configured. However, VM tools will not be installed if your host computer is not connected to the Internet during installation.

   Step 1

After connecting the guest operating system to the Internet, open the terminal by pressing CTRL + Alt + T and execute the “sudo apt install open-vm-tools-desktop” command and confirm the additional disk space usage by pressing Y.

sudo apt install open-vm-tools-desktop

Installing VMware Tools

   Step 2

After restarting your Linux machine, you can use the “vmware-toolbox-cmd –version” command in the terminal to check the VMware Tools version.

vmware-toolbox-cmd --version

Checking VMware Tools Version

   Step 3

When you try to copy a file from the desktop location of your host operating system by dragging and dropping it to the virtual machine, you can see that the operation is successful.

Drag and Drop File Transfer Between Host and VM

   Step 4

You can also use your Linux Mint virtual PC in full-screen resolution.

Controlling the Full Screen Resolution

How to Configure Shared Folder

Another way to transfer files from your host computer to your VM is to use Shared Folder. Please note that VMware Tools must be installed in order to use this feature of VMware software.

   Step 1

Click VM / Settings from the VMware Pro tool menu and open the virtual machine settings. Click on Shared Folders on the Options tab and after marking Always Enabled, click the Add button to start the wizard.

Shared Folder Configuration

   Step 2

Create a new folder named SharedFolder in a location you specify on your host system. To add the location of the folder you created, click Browse in the Host Path section, select the folder and click OK.

Selecting Specific Folder on Host

   Step 3

After adding the location of the shared folder, check that the Enable This Share option is selected in the next window, and click Finish.

Enable This Sharing

   Step 4

Go to File System / mnt / hgfs on your Linux Mint virtual computer and check that the shared folder exists. For testing, create a new text document in the folder and check that the document has been created after opening the folder on your host.


   Step 5

To create Shared Folder shortcut to desktop location, execute “sudo ln -s /mnt/hgfs/SharedFolder/ ~/Desktop/” command in terminal.

sudo ln -s /mnt/hgfs/SharedFolder/ ~/Desktop/

Creating a Desktop Shortcut for Shared Folder

   Step 6

When you restart your virtual computer, if you encounter the Shared Folder error as in the image below, you need to enable the folder again and set the automatic mount.

Shared Folder Broken Error

   Step 7

Execute the following command in the terminal to re-enable the shared folder.

sudo mount -t fuse.vmhgfs-fuse .host:/ /mnt/hgfs/ -o allow_other

Remounting the Shared Folder

   Step 8

You need to edit /etc/fstab to automatically mount the shared folder every time you reboot your system.

sudo nano /etc/fstab

sudo nano /etc/fstab

   Step 9

Add the following command to /etc/fstab and press CTRL + X, then Y and then Enter to save the file.

.host:/SharedFolder /mnt/hgfs/SharedFolder fuse.vmhgfs-fuse allow_other

Auto-Mount the Shared Folder

   Step 10

Restart your Mint VM and you will no longer encounter the Shared Folder error.

Shared Folder Check After System Reboot

How to Use USB Flash Memory

You can transfer files faster by connecting your USB flash drives or storage devices to your Linux virtual computer.

   Step 1

Plug a USB 3.0/3.1 supported flash memory into your host computer and create a folder named Backup in it.

Creating a New Folder on a USB Flash Drive

   Step 2

Plug your flash memory into the virtual machine by clicking VM / Removable Devices / Your USB / Connect from the tool menu. However, if you see the Connect option grayed out as in the image below, turn off your virtual computer.

Adding the USB Disk to the Virtual Machine

   Step 3

Go to the location where you installed the VM and open the VMX file with notepad and change the value (usb.restrictions.defaultAllow = “FALSE”) to TRUE.

usb.restrictions.defaultAllow = "TRUE"

Editing a VMX File

   Step 4

After restarting your virtual computer, you can now connect your USB disk.

Reconnecting the USB Stick to the VM

   Step 5

You can see the folder you created when you view the contents of your USB on your Linux Mint system.

Viewing the Contents of a Flash Disk in Linux


Installing Old Versions

Mint & VM Versiyon
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19/ 14 Pro
19.1/ 15 Pro
19.2/ 15 Pro
20.3 / 16 Pro
21 / 16 Pro
21 / 17 Pro (NEW)


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