How to Install Ubuntu 20.10 on VMware Workstation 16 in Windows 10

In this article, we will set up Ubuntu 20.10 on a new virtual machine using VM Workstation 16 virtualization program on Windows 10 operating system.

How to Install Ubuntu 20.10 on VMware Workstation 16 in Windows 10

How to Install Ubuntu with VMware Workstation

VMware Workstation is the most popular Hypervisor Type 2 virtualization program developed by VMware. With this software, you can run multiple operating systems on your PC virtually. For example, installing Ubuntu on a virtual machine without installing Dual-Boot may be useful for the first trial.

Ubuntu 20.10 (Groovy Gorilla) was released on October 22, 2020. 20.10 version includes improvements in 20.04 and 19.10 versions. In this release, GNOME, an open-source desktop environment, has been updated to 3.38. Icons in the applications area now have a grid layout and can be rearranged or sorted. Other features can be listed as follows;

  • A more quickly accessible Reboot option in the system menu.
  • QR Code supported WiFi HotSpot feature added to the system menu.
  • Calendar notifications in the system menu.
  • Battery indicator and microphone icon with a new and sharper look.
  • Secure login screen developed for computers with fingerprint reader feature.
  • Raspberry Pi 4 support.
  • One of the best innovations is the USB4 (Thunderbolt 3/4) support that comes with Kernel 5.8.

Ubuntu 19.10 was released on October 17, 2019, under the code name Eoan Ermine. The most distinctive feature of this version is that it now includes NVIDIA drivers in ISO image files.

The main features of Ubuntu 19.10 are;

  • Faster Boot with LZ4 Compression
  • ZFS Support
  • NVIDIA Video Card Drivers in ISO File
  • Performance and Visual Changes from GNOME 3.34
  • Dark and Light Theme Support
  • Updated Software

How to Build Ubuntu on a Virtual Machine

First, setup VMware Workstation on your Windows operating system, and then download the ISO image file to your computer for installation.

Follow the steps below to install Ubuntu Linux step by step on Windows 10.

   Step 1

After running VMware Workstation 16 Pro, click Create a Virtual Machine. Then, in the new virtual machine creation window, select Custom (Advanced) and click Next.

After this step, configure the hardware compatibility setting of the virtual machine to Workstation 16.x. In the Guest Operating System Installation window, select the “I will install the operating system later” option and click the Next button.

Create a Virtual Machine

   Step 2

In the operating system selection window, select Linux/Ubuntu 64-bit and click Next.

Linux/Ubuntu 64-bit

   Step 3

We recommend that you back up the virtual machine on an external HDD. Storing VMs on USB 3.0 Portable Hard Drive will give you extra performance.

After configuring the backup of the virtual disk to a different location, click Next.

Configure Virtual Machine Name and Location

   Step 4

Configure the processor setting for the virtual machine according to the hardware specifications of your computer and click Next.

Processor Configuration for Virtual Machine

   Step 5

Configure a 4 GB RAM value for Ubuntu VM and click Next.

RAM Configuration for Virtual Machine

   Step 6

You can configure the network adapter settings of the virtual machine to run on VMware in the following window. Select the NAT configuration for the network setting and click Next.

After this step, continue with the LSI Logic option selected by default in the I/O Controller window. Continue the installation by selecting the default option (SCSI) in the Disk Type window.

VMware Network Settings

   Step 7

In the next step, the “Select a Disk” configuration, you need to create a new virtual disk with Create a New Virtual Disk option. If you want to use a previously installed virtual disk, you need to continue with the Use an existing virtual disk option.

Select the Store virtual disk as a single file option to back up the virtual hard disk as a single file. And in addition, after configuring the maximum disk size for the Ubuntu VM, check the Allocate all disk space now option. This option will allocate disk space on your host disk as much as the disk size you specify.

If you want to set up the virtual machine for testing purposes only, you do not need to allocate 30 GB or more disk space and select Allocate all disk space now option. If you continue without selecting this option, space will be allocated on your disk as much as the installation files will cover. For example, if you configure 30GB of disk space in this window, you will only see the space covered (average 10GB) after installation.

Store virtual disk as a single file

   Step 8

In the Specify Disk File window, leave the disk name to be created on the location where the virtual machine will be installed as default, and then click the Customize Hardware button.

Ready to Create Virtual Machine

   Step 9

In the Hardware window, click on the processor device and enable the virtualization feature by checking the Virtualize Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI and Virtualize CPU Performance Counters options in the Virtualization Engine section on the right.

You can also remove Printer and Sound Card devices from the VM, depending on your usage, to achieve greater efficiency and performance. In addition, configure the USB Compatibility option to 3.1 in the settings of the USB Controller device.

After these steps, click on the CD/DVD device and click the Browse button to add the Ubuntu 20.10 ISO file.

Enabling Virtual Machine Virtualization in VMware

   Step 10

Locate the Ubuntu image file and select the image file and click the Open button.

Ubuntu ISO

   Step 11

Now, click Power on this virtual machine to start the Linux OS installation.

Running the Ubuntu Virtual Machine

   Step 12

On the GNU GRUB Version 2.04 screen, press Enter on the “Ubuntu” option. Then after setup verifies file integrity by starting disk scan, the system will boot.

Starting Ubuntu

   Step 13

When the installation wizard opens, click the Install Ubuntu button to start the installation.

Install Ubuntu

   Step 14

Select your preferred keyboard layout and click Continue.

Selecting a Keyboard Layout

   Step 15

In the Updates and other software window, select Normal Installation and Download updates while installing Ubuntu and click Continue.

Minimum Installation

   Step 16

To perform a clean installation, select the Erase disk and install Ubuntu option and click the Install Now button.

Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu

   Step 17

Click Continue to confirm the changes to the disk.

Approve Changes

   Step 18

Select your location and click Continue to proceed with the setup.

Where are you?

   Step 19

Create a user account for the Ubuntu machine and click Continue.

Creating a New User Account

   Step 20

Wait while the Linux system is installed on the VMware virtual machine. The system will reboot after Setup copies the files. At this stage, when you see the “Please remove the installation medium, then press Enter” warning on the screen to enable the system to turn on, continue by pressing the Enter key.

Copying Files

   Video (20.10)

To install and run an Ubuntu operating system on a virtual computer, you can watch the video below and also subscribe to our YouTube channel to support us!

   Video (19.10)

How to Install VMware Tools

After installing the Linux operating system on the virtual machine, you must install VMware Tools to share files between the host PC and the VM or configure the screen resolution to full screen.

VM Tools is automatically installed in Ubuntu versions 19.10, 20.04, and 20.10. However, in older versions 18.04, 18.10, 19.04, you have to do this manually.

Now, follow the steps below in order to install VM Tools on an old version of Ubuntu distribution.

   Step 1

Click the VM / Install VMware Tools button to start the installation.

VM / Install VMware Tools

   Step 2

Once the image file is mounted on the system, drag and drop the .tar.gz file to the desktop.

VMware Tools.tar.gz

   Step 3

After extracting the VMwareTools.tar.gz archive file to the folder, start Terminal here.

Opening the Terminal

   Step 4

To switch to root access on the terminal, execute sudo su, and then execute ./vmware-install.pl to install VMware Tools.

./vmware-install.pl

   Step 5

After installing VMware Tools, reboot your system, and click View / Fit Guest Now to change the resolution of the virtual machine automatically.

Fit Guest Now

   Step 6

You can view the full-screen resolution of the Ubuntu VM from the image below.

Verifying System Version

NOTE: In addition to the above steps, you can also execute apt-get install open-vm-tools-desktop y in the terminal to install VMware Tools.

How to Install Ubuntu 18.10 ⇒ Video

After the beta release of Ubuntu 18.10, the full version released on October 18, 2018. The 19.04 version released on April 18, 2019.

This version will be quite different from the previous versions. The main innovations in Ubuntu 18.10 / 19.04 are:

  1. Gnome 3.0
  2. New theme layout
  3. Better battery life for laptops
  4. Fingerprint reader support
  5. Start-up speed and XDG portal support for snap applications
  6. Android integration
  7. Linux Kernel 5.0
  8. Faster boot with new compression algorithms

You can watch the video below to install Ubuntu 18.10 / 19.04 using Workstation 15 on PC. After the system update after installation, a new icon and interface features will be added to it.

   Final Word


In this article, we have examined how to install Ubuntu on a virtual machine on a laptop with Windows. Finally, we have installed VMware Tools to use the virtual machine more efficiently. Thanks for following us!

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