A smartphone is an electronic device that has the features of personal computers and works like a cell phone.
Smartphone History and Features
Recent advances in mobile phones have made it an indispensable tool for people in modern life. Almost all smartphones are cell phones that have all the functionality like a personal organizer and also support an email feature.
An important feature of all smartphones is that they allow loading the necessary programs to increase data processing and connectivity.
These applications can be developed and distributed by the device manufacturer, operator, or a third party.
The term Smart comes from the fact that it includes the miniature QWERTY keyboard, touchscreen, or secure access to the corporate email server.
The first smartphone was Simon, designed by IBM in 1992. It was shown as a concept product at the COMDEX fair that year and later went public in 1993 and marketed by BellSouth.
In addition to being a mobile phone, the first phone included a calendar, address book, world clock, calculator, notepad, e-mail, FAX sent and received, and games.
There was no physical button to flip on this phone. Instead, there was a touchscreen for selecting contacts with your finger or creating faxes and notes with an optional pen. The text was entered on the screen using a keyboard.
By today’s standards, Simon was by far a low-end phone. Launched in 1996, the Nokia 9000 Communicator was listed as a communication device, but it was probably the first of a smartphone lineup.
Ericsson R380 was sold as a smartphone, but could not run native third-party apps.
Although the Nokia 9210 was the first smartphone with an operating system, Nokia continued to refer to it as a communication device.
Although the Nokia 7650 is considered a smartphone, the press described it as a phone for the field of photography.
It gained a reputation in 2002 when Microsoft announced its mobile operating system. It was later named Microsoft Windows Powered Smartphone 2002.
Key Features of Smartphones
The main features of smartphones from yesterday to today are;
- E-Mail Support.
- GPS Support.
- Third-party software can be installed.
- The QWERTY keyboard includes any interface for data entry, such as a touch screen.
- It allows internet access.
- It supports a digital agenda and communication management.
- There is support for JPEG, GIF, TIFF, BMP, PNG for the image.
- Xvid, 3GP, AVI, MPEG-4 support for video.
- It supports WMA, MP3 for audio.
- It allows editing PDF and Microsoft Word documents.
- It has an ambient light sensor to adjust the screen light to the environment.
- It supports Bluetooth connection.
- It has a camera for taking photos or videos.
Smartphones are distinguished by many features, including but not limited to touch screens, an operating system, and Internet connectivity.
Full email support is a feature available on all current models. It usually allows the user to install programs from third parties, but some vendors brand their phones as smartphones even if they don’t have this feature.
Key features include Internet and email access, calendar schedules, built-in cameras, contact management, accelerometers, and the ability to edit business documents in various formats such as PDF and Microsoft Office.
A smartphone can do everything at the same time. For example, you can take calls, control your schedule while watching videos in Media Player or synchronizing your device, and all this without interrupting any task.
All of these are the same as what you do on your personal computer. You open the windows and they all work at the same time, and if you’re going to be in control of the agenda, you have to stop listening to music to do that.
Applications are small computer programs that can be downloaded and installed on smartphones that allow users to perform certain tasks from their phones.
These applications are grouped in most virtual stores and some may be paid and some may be free depending on the operating system.
These are limited programs that perform one or more of the functions for which they were designed, such as programs installed on desktop computers.
WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) is an international standard for data transfer and reception on a mobile phone. This feature is a common protocol in older cell phones and is slower than most modern standards.
The 3G feature is much more widely used in new generation phones and allows higher speed transmission of data and multimedia files.
MMS (Multimedia Message Service) allows you to send different content such as audio, photo, video via one message to a mobile phone.
It is an enhanced version of text messaging and is mostly used for sending photos taken with a cell phone camera. Some phone operators may not support these services and tend to charge more for this.
As a result, a smartphone is something like a cell phone but much more powerful. These devices are designed for users interested in e-mail and Internet access services.
However, these devices may be vulnerable to viruses or attacks in the operating system, such as laptop or desktop computers, because they look like a computer.
♦ Downloading Applications to Android Phone
♦ GPS Technology
♦ What is PDA?
♦ What is the OS?
♦ What is WWW?