Founded on May 12, 1865, Nokia is the world’s third-largest mobile phone manufacturer, as well as one of the main companies in the telecommunications industry located in Keilaniemi, Espoo, Finland, and is one of the most well-known brands within and outside the European Union.
History and Foundation Story of Nokia Company
In 1982, the Nokia Group produced the first mobile cell phone system called Senator. As the demand for this product increased, it was necessary to create switches, transmission equipment, and base stations to ensure its operability.
The specifications of the new standards announced to the public and tendered for international competition. In 1984, the first portable phone, the Mobira Talkman, was launched.
There was considerable demand in the Scandinavian markets, and this led to Nokia gaining new customers, including Americans and the British.
The need for phones that are easier to use and carry has led to technological innovations that are highly evident in their size and weight.
Thus, the Senator, who came to the market in 1982, weighed 9.8 kilograms, while Mobira Talkman was under 5 kilograms. Over the course of two years, they reduced the weight of the phone in half.
In 1987, Nokia introduced a new model called Mobira Cityman, which weighs 800 grams with its battery.
Ten years later, when the Nokia 3110 was launched internationally, it weighed just 146 grams with all of its hardware. Thanks to the reduction in costs and the technological nation of the product, the mobile phone was nationalized.
In 1991, the mobile phone was recognized as a great product for elite people. At that time, these devices had around 15 million users worldwide. In 1996, the number of users was 135 million.
In many countries, mobile phone use has become an important tool for more people, with more preference than fixed phones.
Two years after tying its fate to Microsoft Corp’s Windows Phone software, Nokia fell into the hands of the US tech giant, agreeing to sell its mobile device business for 5.44 billion euros.
Nokia, which will continue to manufacture and hold patents for network equipment, was once the undisputed leader in mobile devices but was later surpassed by Apple and Samsung in the highly competitive market for the most advanced smartphones.
In the three years under Elop’s leadership, Nokia saw its market share decline and its stock price decline.
In 2011, Elop made a controversial decision to use Microsoft’s Windows Phone for smartphones instead of Google’s proprietary software or Android operating system, after writing a note stating that Nokia was lagging behind and lacking the technology to continue.
Nokia, which had 40 percent of the mobile phone market in 2007, had a 15 percent share in the following years and even a 3 percent share in the smartphone business.
The Nokia Group is a company that sets the quality standards for most mobile phones today, including data, colors, and ringtones.
It is a global leader in mobile communications that enables the sustainable growth of mobile devices.
It connects people with each other and the information that matters to them through innovative and easy-to-use products such as mobile phones, devices and solutions for display, gaming, media, and business use.
Provides equipment, solutions, and services for companies and network operators. In addition, it takes responsibility for society and the environment very seriously.