How to Install Windows 10 on VMware Fusion in macOS/Mac

In this article, we will examine how to run Windows 10 on a new virtual machine using VMware Fusion 12 Pro in macOS operating system on a Mac computer.

How to Install Windows 10 on VMware Fusion in macOS/Mac

How to Set Up Windows 10 on Mac/macOS using Fusion 12 Pro

VMware Fusion lets you create virtual machines on Mac computers and install and run Windows, Linux, or macOS on them.

There are Pro and Player versions of the Fusion program developed by VMware for Apple Mac OS X systems. The Player version is free and suitable for personal use. The Pro version enables the use of more advanced features in VMs and is paid.

You can use the Boot Camp program when you want to install a Windows 10 system in addition to the macOS operating system of your Apple Mac computer with an Intel-based processor, but you will have to restart your computer when you want to switch to Windows 10.

You can prefer VMware Fusion software instead of using Boot Camp on your host computer. Thus, you will be able to boot up your Windows 10 operating system quickly without having to restart your system every time.

After installing Fusion Pro, you can easily install an operating system in the VM using the ISO installation media of the operating system or the CD/DVD optical drive of your physical computer.

How to Create a Virtual Machine for Windows 10

Creating a virtual machine with Fusion is quite simple and easy compared to other software. If you have the ISO file of the operating system, you can quickly prepare a guest machine by dragging and dropping it into the program.

   Step 1

After opening the Fusion software, you can see different installation methods on its main screen. To create a more detailed and neat virtual computer, select Create a custom virtual machine and click the Continue button.

Choose Installation Method

   Step 2

You need to select the operating system that you will install on the virtual machine on this screen. Since you will install Windows 10 on the guest machine, select Microsoft Windows / Windows 10 x64 and click Continue again.

Select Operating System

   Step 3

When you decide to install older versions of Windows, you should choose Legacy BIOS for systems that do not support UEFI. If you are going to install Microsoft’s current operating system, it is recommended to choose UEFI / UEFI Secure Boot for VM security.

Select Firmware Type

   Step 4

If you have the virtual disk of Windows 10 that you have installed before, you can add the virtual disk to the guest machine by using the Add an existing virtual disk option. However, if you want to install Windows 10 from scratch, it would make more sense to create a new virtual disk.

Choose a Virtual Disk

   Step 5

In the last step of the virtual machine creation wizard, click the Customize Settings button and configure the installation location of the VM in the window that opens.

Configuring the Installation Location

   Step 6

When you open the settings of the Windows 10 guest machine, configure the amount of virtual processor and memory size in accordance with the processor and RAM characteristics of your host computer. In addition, you can use nested virtualization by enabling the use of hypervisor applications within the VM and increase virtual system performance by converting virtual memory addresses to physical addresses with the IOMMU feature.

  • Enable hypervisor applications in this virtual machine
  • Enable IOMMU in this virtual machine

Processor and RAM Settings

   Step 7

Choose Ethernet if you want your guest machine to automatically obtain an IP address from a DHCP server in the location where your Mac is connected to the network and appear as a separate device in your local network.

Configuring the Network Adapter

   Step 8

To add a Windows 10 ISO file to the virtual machine you have prepared, select Choose a disk or disk images from the pop-up window in the CD/DVD settings.

Adding Windows 10 ISO File to Virtual Machine

   Step 9

Navigate to the location of the Windows 10 image file you downloaded to your Mac and click Open after selecting the ISO file.

Choosing the Windows 10 ISO File

   Step 10

If you do not want to print from the guest machine on your Mac, which is selected by default, delete the printer port in the Printer settings.

Deleting the Printer Port

   Step 11

Enable drag-drop and copy-paste support to transfer files and copy text between host and virtual computer.

Enabling Drag and Drop and Copy and Paste on a VM

   Step 12

To increase the virtual machine performance in advanced settings, configure the Troubleshooting feature to None and also check the Disable Side Channel Mitigations option.

Disable Side Channel Mitigations

   Step 13

After preparing and configuring the Windows 10 virtual machine, run it to start the system setup.

Running Windows 10 Virtual Machine

How to Install Windows 10

Installing Windows 10 on a Mac consists of the same steps as if you were installing it on a physical computer in a real scenario.

   Step 1

After running the virtual computer, press any key on your keyboard to start the installation when it boots with the ISO image you added.

Press any key to boot from CD or DVD

   Step 2

After selecting the system display language, system time settings, and keyboard layout you want to use in your guest operating system, click Next.

Windows 10 Setup Screen

   Step 3

Click the Install Now button to start the Windows installation in the setup wizard. Also, in this window, you can click Repair Your Computer and perform the relevant steps to repair your system from file errors later.

Install Windows

   Step 4

If you have previously purchased the operating system that you will install on the guest machine, you must type your product key on the Activate Windows screen. If you are only going to use the VM for testing, click I don’t have a product key to continue without activating your system.

Activating Windows

   Step 5

Select the version of Windows you want to install on the virtual machine and click Next.

Selecting the Operating System Version

   Step 6

Accept the software license terms of the Windows 10 Pro operating system and click Next.

Accepting the License Agreement

   Step 7

If you were using an older version of Windows, you could update your system to a newer version of Windows in this window. Click Install Windows Only to install from scratch.

Install Windows Only

   Step 8

You can select the virtual disk or partition where you want to install Windows. If you have added a new virtual disk, you need to create a new partition. So, after selecting Drive 0 Unallocated Space, click New and then click the Apply button to accept the disk space automatically by the wizard.

Configuring Unallocated Disk Space

   Step 9

After partitioning the virtual HDD, select the Primary partition Drive 0 Partition 3 and click Next.

Drive 0 Partition 3

   Step 10

Wait while the setup wizard is copying the system files of Windows 10.

Preparing Files for Installation

   Step 11

After the necessary system files are copied, restart your virtual system.

Restart Virtual Computer

   Step 12

When your guest operating system restarts, you will configure Windows 10 system settings. Select the country you live in in the region settings of your system and click Yes.

Selecting the Region

   Step 13

For the keyboard settings of your guest system, select the keyboard layout you use in your macOS system and click Yes again.

Choose Keyboard Layout

   Step 14

If you want to add a second keyboard layout to your virtual system, click the Add Layout button to continue. Otherwise, if you do not want to add another layout, click the Skip button.

Skipping Adding a Second Keyboard Layout

   Step 15

If you are going to use your guest system in a server environment, you can add your VM to the domain environment with the Organization option. Or if you just prefer to use it personally, click Set up for personal use.

Set For Personal Use

   Step 16

When you set up your Guest machine for personal use, you can sign in with a Microsoft account and back up all your data and settings to the cloud. If you do not want to log in with a Microsoft account, click Offline Account.

Create Offline Account

   Step 17

Click Limited Experience to continue without choosing to use Microsoft applications and services.

Activating Limited Experience

   Step 18

Type a username for your Windows 10 virtual system and click Next.

Create User Account

   Step 19

You can protect your system from unauthorized people by creating a user account password that you can definitely remember. You can directly click Next to continue without creating a system password.

Create a Memorable Password

   Step 20

If you want to enable sending your location and diagnostic data to Microsoft in the privacy settings of your Windows 10 operating system or allowing personalized advertisements, click the Accept button. If you prefer to accept some of these options, configure the relevant settings and continue.

Configuring Privacy Settings

   Step 21

If you want to enable the use of Cortana after the privacy settings, click the I accept button. You can click Not Now to configure Cortana later.

Set Cortana Usage Later

   Step 22

After making the necessary settings, your Windows 10 desktop environment will be ready. You can find out the Windows version by executing the winver command in the Run tool.

Verifying Windows 10 Version

How to Install VMware Tools

After installing Windows 10 on macOS using VMware Fusion, you need to install VMware Tools in order to fix the screen resolution, increase system performance, or transfer files on the VM.

   Step 1

While your guest machine is running, click Virtual Machine / Install VMware Tools in the tool menu in Fusion and click Install to mount the CD image to the system.

VMware Tools Installation

   Step 2

After clicking the AutoPlay window in the lower right corner of your system, click Run setup64.exe.

Run setup64.exe

   Step 3

Click Next to continue installing the virtual machine tools in the VMware Tools setup wizard.

VMware Tools Wizard

   Step 4

If you are going to use your guest machine with other VMware products, select Complete in the installation options and click Next.

Select Installation Type

   Step 5

Click the Install button to start installing the virtual machine tools. If there is a setting you want to change, you can go back with Back or end the installation with Exit.

Start Installation

   Step 6

Wait while the video driver of the virtual machine and other hardware drivers are loaded.

Installing Video Driver

   Step 7

After the VMware Tools installation, restart your virtual system for the changes to take effect.

Reboot Guest Machine

   Step 8

You can now transfer files between your Windows 10 guest machine and your Mac computer using the drag and drop method.

File Transfer Between Host and Virtual Machine

How to Test Internet Connection

One of the other things you need to do after preparing the Windows 10 virtual computer is to test the Internet connection. Because it is important for users that the VM can access your Mac’s local network or the Internet.

   Step 1

In Window 10 VM, press Windows Key + R to open Run and type cmd in Open: and click OK. Ping the Google servers and test your network connection by executing the png 8.8.8.8 command at the command prompt.

Testing Internet Connection Using Ping

   Step 2

Open the Microsoft Edge web browser on Windows 10 and check that you can access the Google homepage.

Testing the Internet Using Microsoft Edge

How to Use USB Flash Memory in Virtual Machine

It is very easy to connect your USB flash drives or USB storage devices to the Windows guest machines you use on macOS.

When you connect a device to your Mac’s USB port, the Fusion program will ask you where you want to connect that device. In this window, you can connect your USB device to your Mac or Windows guest machine.

   Step 1

Plug a USB stick into your Mac computer and click Connect to Mac to connect it to your macOS system first.

USB Memory Usage in VM

   Step 2

Open Disk Utility and right-click on the USB device you connected from the External section, then click Erase.

Formatting a USB Stick in macOS

   Step 3

You cannot use an NTFS-based USB device on Mac systems. So, change the format of your USB device to ExFAT and click Erase again.

Formatting USB Disk as ExFAT

   Step 4

You can now copy or create a file or folder inside the flash memory called KINGSTON on your Mac computer.

Checking Flash Memory is Writable

   Step 5

After making your flash drive usable on Mac, click Virtual Machine / USB & Bluetooth / Connect KINGSTON (Kingston DataTraveler 3.0) in the Fusion tool menu to connect it to your Windows guest machine.

Connecting Flash Disk from macOS Host to Windows 10 Guest Machine

   Step 6

In Windows 10 virtual PC, you can now use your USB stick and transfer files between your host and your VM via USB.

Checking the Contents of USB Memory in Windows 10 Guest

How to Connect to Guest OS using Remote Desktop Connection on Mac

You can continue to do your work by connecting to a Windows guest machine running on your Mac with Remote Desktop Connection. After downloading and installing this software for macOS on your system, you just need to allow remote connections on your guest machine and create a password for your user account.

   Step 1

On your Windows 10 machine, right-click on My Computer and click Manage from the options that appear. Then, when Computer Management is opened, click Users under Local Users and Groups from the left section.

To set a password for the user named User in the user list on the right panel, right-click on it and click Set Password. Click the Proceed button in the warning window informing you that you have chosen to reset the password for the local user account.

Creating Password for User Account

   Step 2

In the Set Password window, create a password that you can remember, and then click OK.

Creating User Password

   Step 3

To enable allowing remote connections in Windows 10, open the computer properties and click Remote Settings on the left panel. Enable the Remote Desktop feature on the Remote tab in the System Properties window.

Allow Remote Desktop Connections

   Step 4

After downloading the Microsoft Remote Desktop application to your Mac, double-click the pkg installation file.

Microsoft Remote Desktop Setup

   Step 5

Click Continue in the Microsoft Remote Desktop setup wizard.

Microsoft Remote Desktop Wizard

   Step 6

Accept the license agreement to continue using the Remote Desktop software.

Accept License Agreement

   Step 7

Click Continue again to start the installation without changing the installation location.

Start Installation

   Step 8

To start the installation, type your macOS user account password and click Install Software.

Typing User Account Password

   Step 9

Open Applications on your Mac and run Microsoft Remote Desktop.

Running the Microsoft Remote Desktop Application

   Step 10

Click OK if you want to allow the use of your computer’s camera and microphone devices on remote connections.

Allow Camera and Microphone on Remote Desktop Connection

   Step 11

After opening the Remote Desktop application, click Add PC to add your Windows guest machine.

Adding the VM to Connect to

   Step 12

Execute the ipconfig command in CMD to find out the IP address of your guest machine. Type the IP address of the guest machine in PC Name: and click Add User Account from the User Account options to automate the remote login.

Typing PC's IP Address and Defining User Account

   Step 13

When you open the Add a User Account window, type the user account name and password of the Windows 10 guest machine and click the Add button.

Adding User Account

   Step 14

After typing the necessary information, add your virtual computer to the remote desktop program.

Adding the Virtual PC

   Step 15

Connect to the PC you added to the homepage of the Microsoft Remote Desktop program and click Continue in the certificate warning window.

Connecting to the Guest Machine Remotely

   Step 16

You have successfully connected to a Windows 10 guest machine via remote desktop from your Mac.

Remote Desktop Connection from Host to VM

How to Configure Shared Folder

You can use the Shared Folder feature on Fusion for the easiest file transfer between your host computer and your VM.

   Step 1

Click Virtual Machine / Settings from the tool menu to enable Shared Folder while the guest machine is running.

Configuring Shared Folder

   Step 2

When you open the settings of the Windows 10 machine, click Sharing.

Sharing Settings

   Step 3

After enabling Shared Folder in the virtual machine, click the + button to add a location on your Mac.

Enabling Shared Folder and Determining Location on Host

   Step 4

You can access the files you have added or created to the Shared Folder location created on your Windows 10 virtual computer directly from your macOS system.

Transfer Files Between Mac and VM using Shared Folder

   Video

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