In this article, we will examine how to set up the Ubuntu 22.10 (Kinetic Kudu) operating system, one of the popular Linux distributions, on a desktop or laptop computer using a bootable USB flash memory.
How to Install Ubuntu 22.10 from Scratch on a PC using USB Flash Drive
If you are tired of using one of Microsoft’s Windows operating systems on your host computer, or if you want to change your system to be familiar with Linux commands, we can recommend Ubuntu, which has the most support platform on the Internet.
Entry-level users can improve themselves with the Ubuntu distribution and increase their Linux system experience. Also, users can avoid paying for an operating system such as Windows by choosing this distribution or others.
A license key is required to use Office software on Windows, but you can obtain and use open source office, media, or graphics software for free in Linux/Ubuntu systems. In this way, you can use many applications similar to Windows software on Linux for free without paying any fee.
Ubuntu 22.10 version with the codename Kinetic Kudu was released for users on October 20, 2022. This distribution, which does not have a long-term support release, will be supported until April 2023.
If you want to set up the latest version of Ubuntu on your PC, you can prepare the installation media by burning the ISO image file you downloaded from the official website to a CD/DVD or Bootable USB flash drive.
Here are the recommended system requirements for the Ubuntu operating system that you will run on your PC or Laptop:
2 GHz Dual-Core Processor or Better.
Minimum 4GB System Memory.
Minimum 25GB of Free Disk Space.
Healthy Internet Connection for Installing Related Packages During Installation.
DVD Drive or a USB Port for System Setup.
How to Download Ubuntu ISO and Prepare USB Installation Media
You can download the Ubuntu ISO file from other websites on the Internet or from the official website. For the reliability of the image file, we recommend that you download this file from their website.
After downloading the ISO image file, you need to download the Rufus program to prepare the USB installation media. To download the system installation media creation software, visit https://rufus.ie/en/ and download the Exe or Portable version.
Insert an empty flash memory with a minimum capacity of 4GB or 8GB into one of the USB 2.0 or 3.0 ports of your PC. Then, run the Portable version of the Rufus program with one click and make sure that your USB is selected in the Drive Properties section.
After checking that the Boot Selection setting is Disk or ISO Image, click the SELECT button and select and open the Ubuntu ISO file.
If you want to build Ubuntu as UEFI, you must change the Partition Scheme setting to GPT. If you have an old PC, you should use the MBR scheme.
Click START to start burning the ISO image file to your USB stick.
When the ISOHybrid Image Detected window opens, you must choose to burn the image file in ISO or Disc Image mode. However, you need to prepare your media with the ISO Image Mode recommended by Rufus. So click OK with the ISO mode selected and click OK again to confirm that all data on your flash drive will be deleted.
After you finish burning the ISO file, you can see that your USB is READY in the Status section.
How to Set Up Ubuntu Step by Step
After preparing a USB stick for Linux, you need to insert your disk into one of the USB ports of the PC you will install and boot your system from USB.
Users with computers of different brands can visit the manufacturer’s websites to learn how to make BIOS settings and access the Boot menu.
After accessing the Boot menu of your computer, you need to select either the Removable Devices option or the option containing the name of your USB to start the installation from the USB. These settings may not be the same on every computer, but you can usually access the boot menu by pressing one of the F10, F12, F8, or ESC keys.
After booting your PC from USB, press Enter in the Try or Install Ubuntu option when the GNU GRUB menu opens.
Wait while the Ubuntu system boots up and the setup wizard is being prepared.
When the setup wizard opens, you can choose the language you want to use your system in from the options listed on the left panel. After choosing your system display language, click the Install button to proceed directly to the installation stages.
Select a suitable layout according to the keyboard layout type of your PC and click Continue.
You can choose to install the Linux distribution on your computer with normal or minimum specifications. In a normal installation, the basic software required for users will be configured.
So, choose Normal Installation and select checking and installing system updates during installation, as well as installing 3rd party software that supports additional media formats from Other Options, and continue.
Since you will be building Ubuntu from scratch in the Installation Type section, after making sure that there is no data on your hard disk or SSD disk, select the Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu option and click the Install Now button.
After examining the partitions to be formatted in the “Do you want to confirm writing changes to the disk” question window, click Continue.
In order to configure the clock of your system correctly, mark the city where you live or closest to you on the map and click Continue.
You can write the full name of the owner of the computer you are installing in the Your Name field. Type the computer name and user name in the other sections and create a strong password. Here you can additionally enable automatic login if you don’t want to enter any password when you restart your system.
After making the necessary user account settings, click Continue.
Wait while the Linux distribution is installed on your desktop or laptop computer. At this stage, the installation process may take some time, as some large packages will be downloaded and installed from the Internet.
After the Linux system is installed, restart your system.
Remove the USB or DVD installation media from your PC and press Enter.
To log in to your system, type the password you created in the user account configuration window and press Enter.
When you encounter the Online Accounts screen, you can access your online documents from your system by logging into your Google or other accounts.
You can choose to send Canonical the software you installed, the model of your computer, or the error reports you encounter to contribute to the development of the Linux distribution.
If you want to enable the applications you use on the Privacy screen to determine your location, you can enable the option or you can choose to configure it later.
You can use the Software to install the listed popular applications on your Linux computer.
Hi, I'm Tolga, a computer expert with 20 years of experience. I help fix computer issues with things like hardware, systems, networks, virtualization, servers, and operating systems. Check out my website for helpful info, and feel free to ask me anything. Keep yourself in the loop about the newest technologies!