What is RIP (Routing Information Protocol) in Networking?

RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a Distance Vector routing protocol commonly used in ancient times.

What is RIP (Routing Information Protocol) in Networking?

What is RIP Protocol?

The RIP routing protocol is defined in RFC 1058. It sends the routing table from the active interfaces in every 30 seconds, and also uses Hop Count. Its maximum Hop Count is 15, and the 16 is considered unreachable.

It works very well in small networks. However, it is not recommended for use on very large networks.

How Does It Work?

When a router receives a modified routing table, it first updates its routing table to notify the other Routers of the change.

If the router learns a new route from another router, it increases the number of the route before adding the new route to its routing table.

When the router updates its routing table, it uses Triggered Updates to forward this change to other routers.

The RIP protocol is simple and easy to use in a small network. It is the most widely used routing protocol because of its simple and easy use.


1. Allows up to 15 hops.
2. Regularly sends a copy of the entire routing table to neighboring routers that are directly connected.
3. Increases routing table network traffic.
4. In a large network, integration becomes very slow in a network change.


1. Version 1
2. Version 2

Version 1

Version 1 uses classful routing. For class routing, all network devices must be on the same network. RIPv1 does not send subnet mask information in the routing table update.

Version 2

Version 2 uses classless routing. In the routing table update, the subnet can send mask information.

The major difference between the RIP1 and RIP2 versions is that V1 does not send subnet mask information in route updates, but V2 sends subnet mask information.

How to Configure? ⇒ Video

You can watch the video below to use RIP in small network topology on Cisco Packet Tracer and also subscribe to our YouTube channel to support us!

You can also watch the following video to configure RIP step by step on GNS3!

   Final Word

In this article, we have briefly talked about the Routing Information Protocol. Nowadays, instead, the OSPF routing protocol is more widely used. In our next articles, we will be examining more advanced protocols. Thanks for following us!

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