What is FTP Protocol in Networking? – FTP (File Transfer Protocol) was announced on April 16, 1971, by Abhay Bhushan to develop MIT resources. It was later defined in RFC 959 in 1985.
What is FTP Protocol in Networking?

What is FTP Protocol in Networking?

What is FTP Protocol in Networking?

FTP is a protocol that allows transferring files between two computers. Although FTP is a protocol, it is also a program. It transfers files between two computers using FTP protocol through a program.

By connecting to the computer via FTP, we can list both folders and files and download files from our computer. To give another example of FTP usage, we can easily upload or download files by accessing the Web Server.

In short, after establishing a connection between the FTP Client and the FTP Server computers, we can make any changes to the files on the FTP Server. So, we can delete or edit these files.

Also, when transferring files via FTP, a user name and password are needed. However, in some cases, an Anonymous account can be created to set up a common public access server.

The FTP protocol uses TCP and uses 21 ports assigned by IANA by default.

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When to Use FTP (File Transfer Protocol)?

Although FTP is an insecure protocol, nowadays it has been still using. For example, FTP can be used to send files between two locations. It can also be used due to the limited file transfer through Mail.

Another example is; To update network devices or to backup and update configuration files.

How to Use FTP Command?

FTP is used with the following command at the CMD command prompt in Windows operating systems. This command is used to establish a connection to the FTP Server.

C:\> ftp
ftp> open ftp.WEBSITENAME.com

CMD FTP Commands

To transfer files via FTP, we need to know the CMD FTP commands. CMD FTP commands to be used for file transfer or file upload is as follows.

 Cd: It is used to change directory.
 Cd ..: It is used to switch to the previous directory.
 Pwd: It is used to indicate the path of the directory.
 Dir: It is used to list files.
 Ls: It is used to list files briefly.
 Get: It is used to retrieve the file. (File Transfer)
 Put: It is used to send files. (File Transfer)
 Mget: It is used to retrieve multiple files.
 Mput: It is used to send multiple files.
 Ascii: It is used to indicate that ASCII is used as the transfer mode.
 Binary: It is used to specify BINARY as the transfer mode.
 Delete: It is used to delete a file.
 Mkdir: It is used to create a new directory.
 Rmdir: It is used to delete an empty directory.
 Help: Lists the available commands.
 Lcd: It is used to change the directory on the local machine without exiting from FTP.
 Close: It closes the connection only without exiting from FTP.
 Quit: It is used to exit FTP completely.

Free FTP Softwares

There are also free FTP programs that provide great convenience in transferring FTP files. These;

1. FileZilla (Windows and Mac are compatible.)
2. Cyberduck (Windows and Mac are compatible.)
3. FireFTP (Windows and Mac are compatible.)
4. Free FTP (Windows is compatible.)
5. WinSCP (Windows is compatible.)

The program the most used and recommended is FileZilla.

  Final Word

What is FTP Protocol in Networking? – In this article, we have briefly talked about FTP (File Transfer Protocol). Although FTP provides a fast file transfer, it is an unsafe protocol. For this reason, it is recommended to use Secure FTP (SFTP) or SSH instead of FTP.

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