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What is FTP Protocol in Networking?

What is FTP Protocol in Networking? – FTP (File Transfer Protocol) was announced on April 16, 1971 by Abhay Bhushan to develop MIT resources. The FTP protocol was described in RFC 959 in 1985 after its announcement.

What is FTP Protocol in Networking?

What is FTP Protocol in Networking?

FTP is a protocol that allows file transfer between two computers. Although FTP is a protocol, it is also a program. It transfers files between two computers using an FTP protocol through a program.

By connecting to the remote computer via FTP, you can list both folders and files and download them to your computer. If we give an example of another FTP usage, you can easily upload or download files by accessing the Web Server.

In short, after establishing a connection between the FTP Client and the FTP Server, you can make any changes to the files on the FTP Server. So, you can delete or edit these files.

Also, when transferring files via FTP, a username and password are needed. However, in some cases, an Anonymous account can be created to set up a common public access server.

The FTP protocol uses TCP and uses 21 ports assigned by IANA by default.

When to Use FTP (File Transfer Protocol)?

Although FTP is an insecure protocol, nowadays it has been still using. For example, you can use the FTP protocol to send files between two locations, and you can also send small files via E-mail in addition to FTP.

Another example is; To update network devices or to backup and update configuration files.

How to Use FTP Command in CMD on Windows 10?

FTP is used with the following command at the CMD command prompt in Windows operating systems. This command is used to establish a connection to the FTP Server.

C:\> ftp
ftp> open ftp.WEBSITENAME.com

 

FTP Commands for Windows Command Prompt

To transfer files via FTP, you need to know and understand the FTP commands in CMD. The FTP commands you can use on Windows Command Prompt are as follows.

Cd: It is used to change directory.
Cd ..: It is used to switch to the previous directory.
Pwd: It is used to indicate the path of the directory.
Dir: It is used to list files.
Ls: It is used to list files briefly.
Get: It is used to retrieve the file. (File Transfer)
Put: It is used to send files. (File Transfer)
Mget: It is used to retrieve multiple files.
Mput: It is used to send multiple files.
Ascii: It is used to indicate that ASCII is used as the transfer mode.
Binary: It is used to specify BINARY as the transfer mode.
Delete: It is used to delete a file.
Mkdir: It is used to create a new directory.
Rmdir: It is used to delete an empty directory.
Help: Lists the available commands.
Lcd: It is used to change the directory on the local machine without exiting from FTP.
Close: It closes the connection only without exiting from FTP.
Quit: It is used to exit FTP completely.

 

What are the Free Programs to Use FTP?

There are also free FTP programs that provide great convenience to configure your files. These;

1. FileZilla (Windows and Mac are compatible.)
2. Cyberduck (Windows and Mac are compatible.)
3. FireFTP (Windows and Mac are compatible.)
4. Free FTP (Windows is compatible.)
5. WinSCP (Windows is compatible.)

The most used and recommended program is FileZilla…

   Final Word

In this article, we have briefly talked about File Transfer Protocol. Although FTP provides a fast file transfer, it is an unsafe protocol. For this reason, it is recommended to use Secure FTP (SFTP) or SSH instead of FTP. Thanks for following us!

If this article is helpful, please send us feedback by commenting. Thanks in advance, take care of yourself!

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