In this article, we will install Microsoft Windows 10 on a virtual machine using the Oracle VM VirtualBox virtualization program.
How to Install Windows 10 in Oracle VM VirtualBox
In our previous articles, we have discussed What is VirtualBox. And then we have talked about How to Create Virtual Machine in VirtualBox. After creating a virtual machine with VirtualBox, we can now install a virtual operating system. We will run RedStone 64 Bit system as the operating system. You can download the Windows 10 ISOfile at the bottom of the typing computer.
We will continue by creating a new virtual machine again for convenience. For Microsoft Win 10, we will back up our drive to an external disk by selecting Fixed Size on our VM setup. Thus, both our computer’s storage space will not reduce and we will provide an important increase in performance.
NOTE: You can install Windows 10 on your computer using VirtualBox 6.0.4 by following the steps in this article.
How to Create a New Virtual Machine using VirtualBox
With Oracle VBox, we will create a new virtual machine before going to Win 10 installation. Follow the steps below to install a new VM.
Open the Oracle VM VirtualBox program and click the New button as shown below. In the Create Virtual Machine window, type Windows 10 as the operating system name. If the 64 bit option for the operating system is not set in the version section, select the Win 10 64 Bit option manually.
Once you have configured the settings listed here, click Next to continue.
When installing a new virtual machine, you should evaluate the hardware properties of your physical computer. Because if you determine more RAM than VM value, you can force your computer.
So if you have 8 GB of RAM and you want to run a single VM, you can choose 4 GB on this screen for testing purposes.
For the Win10 VM, 4 GB of RAM is enough. Click the Next button to proceed to the next step.
In this step, we will create a new HDD for the Win 10 VM. If you have already created a virtual HDD as Fixed Size, you can continue by selecting Use Existing Virtual Hard Disk File to show the location of the HDD.
It is always useful to create a new virtual HDD. Select Create a virtual hard disk now and click the Create button.
HDD types will be discussed later in detail. But to be honest, the HDD type that VirtualBox marks by default is the most efficient type.
Select the VirtualBox Disk Image (VDI) option for the Win 10 VM and click Next.
As mentioned earlier, we always told you to create a virtual HDD as Fixed Size to get more performance than virtual machines.
Select the Fixed Size option for the VM and click Next to continue.
For Win 10 installation in VirtualBox, backup the virtual disk allocated to Fixed Size to an external disk. Click the Create button with a space of 28 GB for the virtual HDD.
It may take some time to allocate as much virtual HDD as indicated in this step.
We have created a new virtual machine to install Windows 10 in VirtualBox. As soon as the virtual machine opens, the VirtualBox main screen will be turned off. After this, there’s only one thing we need to do. Click on Setting to launch the ISO file on the VM and click on Storage in the window that opens.
Click on the CD / DVD device in the right part of the Storage area. Then click the icon next to Optical Drive to specify the location of the Win10 ISO file.
If you do not have an ISO file and you only have CD/DVD installation media, you can install the operating system with the installation media.
After adding the Win 10 ISO file to the VM, close the window by clicking on the OK button.
How to Install Windows 10 in Virtual Machine
Up to this step, we have set up a new virtual machine on Oracle VM VirtualBox for the Win 10 operating system. We will now install Windows 10 using VirtualBox software.
To start the Win10 installation, click the Start button on the Oracle VM VBox.
Starting Win10 installation in VirtualBox VM …
On Win 10 RedStone 64 Bit installation screen, configure the language, keyboard and time settings of the operating system.
Click Install Now to start the installation.
Win 10 installation is starting …
You can select which version of the operating system you want to install for Microsoft Win 10 installation in VirtualBox. But we recommend you to choose Windows 10 Enterprise.
Click on the Next button to continue with the installation.
Accept the Win10 license agreement and click the Next button to proceed to the next step.
Setup is asking to us which type of installation do you want. If you want to upgrade to an older operating system from Win10, you can choose the above option.
Continue by selecting the option below to perform a clean installation of Win 10.
You can see the HDD size specified for the machine in the HDD partitioning. Click HDD and click New.
Then click the Apply button to create the HDD area.
It is reported that additional partitions will be created in the HDD partitioning process of the Windows operating system. Click the OK button to close the window.
After you select HDD Partition 2, click Next button.
Preparing files for installation …
The VM will restart after setup has copied all the files.
After restarting the installation of Microsoft 10 on the machine in VirtualBox, you will see the following transmission. Do not press any keys in this step.
Preparing devices …
Installing additional features for the operating system …
Continue by clicking Use Quick Settings on the customization screen.
Setting Windows settings …
The installation of Win 10 on VirtualBox is almost complete.
Installing Microsoft Win 10 updates …
The following image shows a situation where most people are confused in the Win10 installation. If you are not a qualified IT employee, click Join a local Active Directory Domain.
Click Next to continue.
Type the username you will use for the Win 10 operating system and click on the Next button.
If you want to use Cortana on your system, click the Use Cortana button. If you do not want to use it, click the Not Now button and continue with the installation.
Completing the Win10 installation process on the virtual machine in Oracle VM VirtualBox …
Microsoft operating system is opening …
How to Install VirtualBox Guest Additions
After successfully completing the steps to install Windows 10 in Oracle VM VirtualBox, we came to the most important steps for VirtualBox. If we do not do the VirtualBox Guest Additions installation, we will not be able to use our VM with full performance and USB 3.0 devices.
Also, as you can see in the image below, Win10 is not automatically resized even though I make the VirtualBox window full screen. We can solve such problems only by setting up the VirtualBox guest additions.
To set up the Guest Additions on VM in VirtualBox, click on the Devices menu.
When the Devices menu is open, click Insert Guest Additions CD Image.
After adding the Guest Additions CD image to the computer, launch Run VBoxWindowsAdditions.exe to start the installation.
Continue by saying Yes to Win10 user security check.
Click Next on the Oracle VM VBox Guest Additions 5.1.26 installation screen.
Continue without changing the installation location.
Click the Install button to install the guest additions.
Installing the Guest Additions …
Click the Install button in the security dialog window.
After successfully installing VBox Guest Additions for the Win10 VM, you will need to restart your computer for the changes to take effect.
After restarting your computer, it auto-resolves your full-screen problem.
How to Setup Microsoft Windows 10 in Oracle VM VirtualBox ⇒ Video
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In this article, we created a new virtual machine for the Windows installation in VirtualBox virtualization program. After the installation of Win 10 in Oracle VM VirtualBox, we performed the installation of the Guest Additions needed by the VM. Thanks for following us!
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