In this article, we will install Microsoft Windows 10 on a virtual machine using the Oracle VM VirtualBox program.
How to Setup Windows 10 in Oracle VM VirtualBox
In our previous articles, we have discussed What is Oracle VirtualBox. And then we have talked about How to Create Virtual Machine in VirtualBox. After creating a virtual machine with VirtualBox, we can now build a virtual operating system. We will run RedStone 64 Bit system as the operating system. You can download the Windows 10 ISOfile at the bottom of the typing computer.
We will continue by creating a new virtual machine again for convenience. For Microsoft Win 10, we will back up our drive to an external disk by selecting Fixed Size on our VM setup. Thus, both our computer’s storage space will not reduce and we will provide an important increase in performance.
NOTE: You can install Windows 10 on your computer using VirtualBox 6.0.10 by following the steps in this article.
How to Create a New Virtual Machine with Oracle VirtualBox
With VirtualBox, we will create a new virtual machine before going to Win 10 installation. Follow the steps below to install a new VM.
Open the Oracle VirtualBox software and click the New button as shown below. In the Create VM window, type Windows 10 as the operating system name. If the 64 bit option for the operating system is not set in the version section, select the Win 10 64 Bit option manually.
Once you have configured the settings listed here, click Next to continue.
When installing a new virtual machine, you should evaluate the hardware properties of your physical computer. Because if you determine more RAM than VM value, you can force your computer.
So if you have 8 GB of RAM and you want to run a single VM, you can choose 4 GB on this screen for testing purposes.
For the Win10 VM, 4 GB of RAM is enough. Click the Next button for the next setting.
In this step, we will create a new HDD for the Win 10 VM. If you have already created a virtual HDD as Fixed Size, you can continue by selecting Use Existing Virtual Hard Disk File to show the location of the HDD.
It is always useful to create a new virtual hard disk. Select the Create a virtual hard disk option now and then click the Create button.
HDD types will be discussed later in detail. But to be honest, this hard disk type that VirtualBox marks by default is the most efficient type.
Select the VirtualBox Disk Image (VDI) option for the Windows 10 VM and click Next.
As mentioned earlier, we always told you to create a virtual HDD as Fixed Size to get more performance than virtual machines.
Select the Fixed Size option for the VM and click Next to continue.
After configuring 28 GB HDD space for installation, save the virtual hard disk you have configured as Fixed Size to the portable disk.
It may take some time to allocate as much virtual HDD as indicated in this step.
Power a virtual machine after creating a new virtual machine for Windows 10. After that, all you have to do is insert the ISO file into the VM. To do so, click the Settings / Storage / Empty / CD icon. Then click on Add image file from the window that opens.
If you do not have an ISO file and have only CD / DVD installation media, you can install the operating system with the installation media.
After adding the Win 10 ISO file to the VM, close the window by clicking on the OK button.
How to Run Windows 10 in Virtual Machine
Up to this step, we have created a new virtual machine for the Win 10 operating system. Now we’ll install Windows 10 on it step by step.
To start the Win10 installation, click the Start button on the VBox.
Starting Win10 installation in VirtualBox VM …
On Win 10 RedStone 64 Bit installation screen, configure the language, keyboard and time settings of the operating system.
Click Install Now to start the installation.
Starting Windows 10 installation…
You can select which version of the Windows operating system you want to install. But we recommend you to choose Windows 10 Enterprise.
Accept the Windows 10 license agreement and click the Next button to proceed to the next step.
Windows setup is asking to us which type of installation do you want. If you want to upgrade to an older operating system from Win10, you can choose the above option.
Continue by selecting the option below to perform a clean installation of Win 10.
You can see the HDD size specified for the machine in the HDD partitioning. Click HDD and click New.
Then click the Apply button to create the HDD space.
It is reported that additional partitions will be created in the HDD partitioning process of the Windows operating system. Click the OK button to close the window.
After you select HDD Partition 2, click Next button.
Preparing files for installation …
The VM will restart after setup has copied all the files.
After restarting the installation of Microsoft 10 on the machine, you will see the following transmission. Do not press any keys in this step.
Preparing devices …
Installing additional features for the operating system …
Continue by clicking Use Quick Settings on the customization screen.
Setting Windows settings …
The installation of Microsoft Win 10 on VirtualBox is almost complete.
Installing Microsoft Win 10 updates …
The following image shows a situation where most people are confused in the Win10 installation. If you are not a qualified IT employee, click Join a local Active Directory Domain.
Click Next to continue.
Type the username you will use for the Win 10 operating system and click on the Next button.
If you want to use Cortana on your system, click the Use Cortana button. If you do not want to use it, click the Not Now button and continue with the installation.
Completing the Win10 installation process on the virtual machine in Oracle VM VirtualBox …
Microsoft operating system is opening …
How to Install Guest Additions in Windows 10
After successfully completing the installation steps, we came to the most important steps for VirtualBox. If you do not install Guest Additions, your Windows 10 virtual machine will not run at full performance and you will not be able to use devices such as USB 3.0.
Also, as you can see in the image below, the virtual machine is not automatically resized even though I make the VirtualBox window full screen. We can solve such problems only by setting up the VirtualBox guest additions.
To set up the Guest Additions on VM in VirtualBox, click on the Devices menu.
When the Devices menu is open, click Insert Guest Additions CD Image.
After adding the Guest Additions CD image to the computer, launch Run VBoxWindowsAdditions.exe to start the installation.
Continue by saying Yes to Win10 user security check.
Click Next on the Oracle VM VBox Guest Additions 5.1.26 installation screen.
Continue without changing the installation location.
Click the Install button to install the guest additions.
Installing the Guest Additions …
Click the Install button in the security dialog window.
After successfully installing VBox Guest Additions for the Win10 VM, you will need to restart your computer for the changes to take effect.
After restarting your computer, it auto-resolves your full-screen problem.
How to Setup Microsoft Windows 10 in PC ⇒ Video
You can watch the video below to install Windows 10 on a PC step by step, and you can also subscribe to our YouTube channel to support us.
In this article, we created a new virtual machine for the Windows installation in the virtualization program. After the installation of Win 10, we performed the installation of the Guest Additions needed by the VM. Thanks for following us!