In this article, we will examine how to set up Windows 2000 Pro on a new virtual machine using Microsoft’s HyperV virtualization software on the Windows 10 64 Bit operating system.
How to Run Windows 2000 on Windows 10 using Hyper-V
Windows NT 5.0, which started to be developed after Microsoft’s 9x versions, was named Windows 2000 on February 17, 2000, and released.
Supporting x86 (32 Bit) architecture, Windows 2000 was developed for both desktop computers and business computers. This system offers better ease of use, enhanced USB connections support, Internet Explorer 5, hardware support, Media Player, improved energy management, and system security and stability over Windows 98.
With the full support of Windows 2000, APM, and ACPI technologies, it is an operating system suitable for use on laptops as well. It also supports VPN (Virtual Private Network) and IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) technologies to access remote corporate networks, facilitate remote work, and transfer files more securely.
Microsoft discontinued the Windows 2000 system, which it had developed as a transition to Windows NT 5.0, on July 13, 2010. Therefore, installing an old operating system on a physical and up-to-date computer causes both unsupported programs and security vulnerabilities of the system.
Therefore, you can install, run and experience this system, whose support has been terminated, on a virtual machine using one of the Hyper-V, VMware, or VirtualBox programs.
How to Create a New Virtual Machine for Windows 2000
When you decide to install this old system of Windows with Hyper-V, you must configure the network adapter and virtual disk settings according to the old hardware. VHDX virtual disk type is supported for Windows 8 and later systems, but you can still install with this disk type. However, installing on a VHD disk is recommended for system stability.
First, you need to create an External Switch to include the virtual machine in your local network. With this adapter, you can get an automatic IP address from the DHCP server in your local network.
Open the Virtual Switch Manager from the Actions section and select the External type while the New Virtual Network Switch option is selected, and then click the Create Virtual Switch button.
After creating the External Switch, select the network adapter of your host computer from the External Network section and confirm the changes after clicking OK.
For Windows 2000 virtual PC, you need to create a fixed size virtual disk with VHD type. If you configure the size of the virtual disk as a Fixed Size in old systems, you will ensure that the system works more stable and performance.
Click Action / New / Hard Disk in the Hyper-V Manager tool menu and open the wizard.
You can create one of the VHD, VHDX, and VHDS virtual disk types on your physical disk in the virtual disk creation wizard.
After clicking Next in the previous window, select the VHD disk type in the Choose Disk Format window.
You can set the size of the virtual disk you want to create as fixed-size or dynamically expanding. With dynamically expanding disk type, the disk space required by the VM will automatically increase during the process, which can reduce performance on older systems. So, check Fixed Size and click Next to create a 2GB fixed size virtual disk.
Change the name of the virtual disk and store the disk storage location to the location where you will install the VM.
Specify the size of the virtual hard disk as 2 GB and continue.
After checking the settings you have made in the summary window of the virtual HDD, click Finish.
When the virtual computer creation wizard opens, click Next to prepare a manual VM.
After typing the name of the operating system, tick the relevant option to store the VM on an external storage device and specify the location via the Browse button.
Since Windows 2000 supports BIOS-based firmware type, select Generation 1 in the Generation window and continue.
Configure the dynamic memory size for the virtual machine as 1024 MB (1 GB) and click Next.
In the network settings window, leave the connection type as Not Connected and click Next.
To add the virtual hard disk with the VHD extension you created to the VM, check the Use an existing virtual hard disk option and then specify the location of the VHD disk.
Check the changes you have made in the summary window showing the settings of the virtual computer and close the window.
After creating the virtual machine, it will appear in the Virtual Machines section. Right-click on the VM and open the Settings window and select the existing Network Adapter and click the Remove button and confirm the operation.
Since Windows 2000 is an older operating system, you need to add a legacy-equipped network adapter. Select Add Hardware, and then select Legacy Network Adapter from the hardware listed on the right and click the Add button.
After adding the Legacy Network Adapter, select the Virtual Switch setting as External.
Finally, click DVD Drive and select Image File to add a Windows 2000 ISO file to the virtual machine. Specify the location of the ISO file you downloaded to your computer from this link via Browse.
After adding the ISO file to the virtual machine, right-click on it and click Connect, and then start the Windows installation.
How to Install Windows 2000
After preparing and running the Windows 2000 virtual computer, you can now install Windows as if you were installing it on the physical computer.
At the Windows 2000 Professional Setup screen, you can click Enter to start the installation immediately, R to repair your system, or F3 to exit setup.
You can go to the next page by pressing PAGE DOWN to read all the content in the Windows 2000 license agreement. If you want to exit without accepting the license agreement, you can press ESC.
Press F8 to read and accept the Windows license terms and continue.
Press the C key to create a new partition on the virtual HDD you have added to the virtual machine, or you can press Enter to automatically create a new partition and start the installation.
If you have chosen to create a new partition on the disk, the disk space will be created automatically by the wizard. If you confirm to use all the disk space created, press Enter.
The drive letter of the first partition created will be C. To install Windows 2000 on the C drive, press Enter on it.
Format and prepare the virtual disk partition using the NTFS file system.
Wait while the setup wizard formats the virtual disk.
After the disk is formatted, the wizard will start copying the system files of Windows.
After the wizard has copied the Windows 2000 system files, press Enter to restart the VM.
Wait while your virtual system restarts. The installation will continue when the system boots up.
In the Windows 2000 Setup Wizard, click Next to let the wizard gather information about the hardware.
Wait while Setup detects and installs devices on your virtual computer.
After collecting the necessary information for the Guest operating system, select your system display language and keyboard layout according to the country you live in the Regional Settings window.
Type a new username for your virtual system’s user account.
Type your 25-character Windows 2000 Professional product key and click Next.
Type your computer name and create a new password for the admin account and continue.
Configure the time and date settings of the guest machine according to the location you live in.
Wait while the wizard installs the necessary network software for your virtual machine to communicate with other computers, connect it to the local network and the Internet.
Select Typical Settings for the network settings of the virtual machine and continue.
If you are going to use the VM in a domain environment, select the option below and type the domain name. If you are going to use the VM in a Workgroup environment, select No.
Wait while setting up Windows 2000 components. This process may take some time depending on the performance of your host.
Wait while the wizard configures start menu items, registry components, and deletes temporary files.
After completing the Windows 2000 setup wizard, remove the ISO file from the VM and click Finish.
When your virtual system restarts, click Next when the Network Identification Wizard window opens.
Type the credentials of the user who will log on to this computer and continue.
After completing the network identification wizard, click Finish.
After making the necessary settings, the Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional desktop environment will open.