What is RIP Protocol in Networking? RIP (Routing Information Protocol) Configuration

What is RIP Protocol in Networking?RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a Distance Vector routing protocol.
What is RIP Protocol in Networking?

What is RIP Protocol in Networking?

What is RIP Protocol in Networking?

The RIP routing protocol is defined in RFC 1058. RIP sends the routing table from active interfaces in every 30 seconds. The RIP routing protocol uses Hop Count and the maximum Hop Count is 15. 16. hop is considered unreachable.

The RIP protocol works well on small networks. However, RIP is not recommended for very large networks.

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How Does RIP Routing Work?

When a router receives a routing table that changes, it first updates its routing table to notify other routers of this change.

If the router learns a new route from another router, it increments the number of route hop by 1 before adding this new route to the route table.

When the router updates its routing table, it uses Triggered Updates to forward this change to other routers.

The use of the RIP protocol in a small network is simple and easy. Since its easy to use and simple, we can refer to the most commonly used routing protocol.

RIP Disadvantages

After we talk a bit about the RIP routing protocol, let’s talk about its disadvantages.

1. RIP allows up to 15 hops.
2. It regularly sends a copy of the entire routing table to neighboring routers that are directly connected.
3. The routing table increases network traffic.
4. On a large network, the integration of the network change is very slow.

RIP Protocol Versions

There are 2 versions of the RIP protocol.

1. RIP Version 1
2. RIP Version 2

RIP Version 1

The RIP Version 1 version uses classful routing. In classified routing, all network devices must be on the same network. RIP version 1 does not send the subnet mask information in the routing table update.

RIP Version 2

RIP Version 2 uses classless routing. Subnet mask information is sent when the routing table is updated.

The biggest difference between the RIP1 and RIP2 versions is;

1. RIP1 does not send subnet mask information in route updates.
2. RIP2 sends subnet mask information to route updates.

How to Configure Rip Protocol on Cisco Router? ⇒ Video

To better understand what is Rip protocol, you can create a small network topology on the Cisco Packet Tracer. You can configure the Rip protocol on Packet Tracer by following the following video. You can also subscribe to our YouTube channel to support us…

You can also follow the video below to configure Rip step by step on GNS3

  Final Word

What is RIP Protocol in Networking? – In this article, we have briefly mentioned RIP (Routing Information Protocol). Today, rather than RIP, the dynamic routing protocol are used. In our next article, we will talk about more advanced protocols.

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