What is RIP Protocol in Networking? – RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a Distance Vector routing protocol.
What is RIP Protocol in Networking?

What is RIP Protocol in Networking?

What is RIP Protocol in Networking?

The RIP routing protocol is defined in RFC 1058. RIP sends the routing table from active interfaces every 30 seconds. The RIP routing protocol uses Hop Count and the maximum Hop Count is 15. 16. hop is considered unreachable.

The RIP protocol works well on small networks. However, using RIP on very large networks is not recommended.

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How Does RIP Routing Work?

When a router receives a routing table that changes, it first updates its routing table to notify other routers of this change.

If the router learns a new route from another router, it increments the route’s tab count by 1 before adding this new route to its routing table.

When the router updates its routing table, it uses Triggered Updates to forward this change to other routers.

The use of the RIP protocol in a small network is simple and easy. Because of its simple and easy to use, we can refer to the most commonly used routing protocol.

RIP Disadvantages

After we talk a bit about the RIP routing protocol, let’s talk about its disadvantages.

1. RIP allows up to 15 hops.
2. It regularly sends a copy of the entire routing table to neighboring routers that are directly connected.
3. The routing table increases network traffic.
4. On a large network, the integration of the network change is very slow.

RIP Protocol Versions

There are 2 versions of the RIP protocol.

1. RIP Version 1
2. RIP Version 2

RIP Version 1

The RIP Version 1 version uses classful routing. In classified routing, all network devices must be on the same network. RIP version 1 does not send the subnet mask information in the routing table update.

RIP Version 2

Version 2 of RIP uses classless routing. In the routing table update, subnet mask information can be sent.

The major difference between the RIP1 and RIP2 versions is that;

1. RIP1 does not send subnet mask information in route updates.
2. RIP2 subnet mask information sends in route information.

  Final Word

What is RIP Protocol in Networking? – In this article, we briefly mentioned RIP (Routing Information Protocol). Today, rather than RIP, more OSPF routing protocols are used. In our next post, we will talk about more advanced protocols.

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